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MAR

24

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UNESCO intangible cultural heritage

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Croatia can also boast of thirteen items included in the UNESCO list of intangible cultural heritage, and from the Split-Dalmatia County we can boast of several of them: agave lace as part of lacemaking in Croatia, Hvar procession 'For the Cross', Sinjska alka , Vrlika silent wheel, klapa singing, drywall construction and Mediterranean food.

 

1. Agave lace as part of lacemaking in Croatia - the work of preparing the thread is long and arduous. Thin, white threads are extracted from fresh agave leaves, harvested at certain times of the year and processed in a specific way until they are ready for weaving. Hvar lace was inscribed on the UNESCO list of intangible world heritage in 2009.


2. Hvar procession 'For the Cross' - religious and cultural identity of the inhabitants of the central part of the island of Hvar, which has been taking place in an uninterrupted sequence for five centuries. Six separate processions start simultaneously from six parishes: Jelsa, Pitve, Vrisnik, Svirče, Vrbanj and Vrboska and the processions move clockwise and end with a return to their parish church. It is very important that the processions do not meet, as this is considered a sign of great misfortune.

 

3. Sinjska alka - the oldest knight's game in the world, played in memory of the heroic resistance of several hundred soldiers who in 1715 defended the city of Sinj from the onslaught of Turkish soldiers. It is held in 1717 on the first Sunday in August. Alkari ride horses at a gallop down the main street aiming a spear at an iron ring hanging on a rope. The rules of the tournament promote fair play and emphasize the importance of participating in the life of the community, while Alka participants must be family members from the area of Sinj and the Cetina region.


4. Vrlika Silent Circle - a folk dance performed in Zagora and on the World Intangible Heritage List since 2011. It is a circular dance performed mostly without music. Today it is most often performed before church holidays or at festivals.


5. Klapa singing - traditional polyphonic singing without accompaniment of instruments. The theme of klapa songs is mainly about the sea, love and the Mediterranean way of life. If you find yourself in Omis, visit the largest and oldest klapa singing festival.


6. Drywall construction - knowledge required for the construction of stone structures, by stacking stones on top of each other, without the use of any other material, except sometimes dry earth. The dry stone wall appears in various forms in Croatia along the Adriatic-Dinaric karst area and strongly characterizes its landscape.


7. Mediterranean diet - includes skills, knowledge, rituals, symbols and customs related to sowing, harvesting, fishing, animal husbandry, processing, cooking and food consumption. As areas that present the Mediterranean heritage in food, Croatia has chosen the islands of Brac and Hvar. The Mediterranean diet is the basis of the identity of the people who live in this area and contains mainly olive oil, fish, green leafy vegetables, legumes, figs, fresh spices ...